What Is Statutory Provident Fund?

Juliet D'cruz

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What Is Statutory Provident Fund

Are you curious to know what is statutory provident fund? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about statutory provident fund in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is statutory provident fund?

In many countries, including India, employees are entitled to various social security benefits, one of which is the Statutory Provident Fund (SPF). The Statutory Provident Fund is a government-mandated savings scheme designed to provide financial security to employees upon retirement. In this blog, we will explore the concept of the Statutory Provident Fund, its features, benefits, and the process of availing it.

What Is Statutory Provident Fund?

The Statutory Provident Fund is a retirement savings scheme governed by the Employees’ Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952, in India. Under this act, employers are required to contribute a certain percentage of the employees’ wages to the provident fund, and the accumulated funds are then made available to employees upon retirement or resignation.

Features Of The Statutory Provident Fund:

  1. Mandatory Contributions: Both the employee and the employer are required to make regular contributions to the provident fund. The employee’s contribution is deducted from their salary, while the employer contributes an equal amount. The current contribution rate is set at 12% of the employee’s basic salary plus dearness allowance.
  2. Accumulation of Funds: The contributions made by both the employee and the employer are accumulated over the years and earn interest. The interest rate on provident fund deposits is determined by the government and is typically higher than that offered by regular savings accounts.
  3. Tax Benefits: Contributions made to the Statutory Provident Fund are eligible for tax benefits. The amount contributed by the employee is tax-exempt under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, subject to certain limits and conditions.
  4. Withdrawal and Retirement Benefits: Upon retirement, an employee can withdraw the accumulated provident fund balance in a lump sum. Alternatively, employees have the option to receive a monthly pension under the Employees’ Pension Scheme (EPS), which is a component of the Statutory Provident Fund.
  5. Transferability: In case of a change in employment, an employee can transfer their provident fund balance from one employer to another. This ensures the continuity of savings and avoids the hassle of starting afresh with a new provident fund account.

Benefits Of The Statutory Provident Fund:

  1. Retirement Security: The primary benefit of the Statutory Provident Fund is that it provides employees with a financial safety net during their retirement years. The accumulated funds and interest earned over time help individuals maintain their standard of living and meet their financial needs after retirement.
  2. Tax Savings: Contributions made to the provident fund offer tax benefits, reducing an employee’s taxable income and potentially resulting in lower tax liabilities.
  3. Long-Term Savings: The mandatory nature of the contributions to the provident fund encourages individuals to save for the long term. By consistently contributing a portion of their earnings, employees build a significant corpus that can support them during their retirement.
  4. Social Security: The Statutory Provident Fund serves as a social security measure, providing employees with a sense of financial security and stability. It ensures that individuals have access to a pool of savings to meet their needs in times of financial distress or retirement.


The Statutory Provident Fund is a vital savings scheme that offers employees in India a reliable avenue for long-term financial planning and retirement security. With its mandatory contributions, tax benefits, and accumulation of funds, the provident fund plays a significant role in promoting a culture of savings and social security. By understanding the features and benefits of the Statutory Provident Fund, employees can make informed decisions about their retirement planning and ensure a financially stable future.


Is Epf A Statutory Provident Fund?

The Central Board of Trustees, EPF is a statutory body constituted by the Central Government under the provisions of section 5A of the Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act,1952 (Act 19 of 1952).

What Is The Difference Between A Statutory Provident Fund And A General Provident Fund?

Conclusion. PPF is a voluntary investment scheme that is open to all Indian citizens while GPF is a mandatory savings scheme launched only for government employees.

How Statutory Provident Fund Is Calculated?

The employee contributes 12 percent of his or her basic salary along with the Dearness Allowance every month to the EPF account. For example: If the basic salary is Rs. 15,000 per month, the employee contribution shall be 12 % of 15000, which comes to Rs 1800/-. This amount is the employee contribution.

What Are The Three Types Of Pf?

In India, there are three types of provident funds, namely – the General Provident Fund (GPF), Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF), and Public Provident Fund (PPF).


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