What Is Organs Of Speech?

Charlotte Miller

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Are you curious to know what is organs of speech? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about organs of speech in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is organs of speech?

What Is Organs Of Speech?

The human ability to communicate through spoken language is a remarkable feat, relying on a complex interplay of various anatomical structures. One fundamental aspect of this intricate process involves the organs of speech, which are responsible for the articulation of sounds and words. In this blog, we will delve into the fascinating world of these organs, understanding their roles and how they enable us to express ourselves through speech.

The Key Organs Of Speech

  1. The Lungs: Our respiratory system plays a crucial role in speech production. It all begins with the lungs, where air is inhaled and then expelled as a controlled stream of exhaled air. This stream of air provides the energy required for vocalization.
  2. The Larynx: The larynx, often referred to as the voice box, is located at the top of the trachea. It houses the vocal cords, two small muscles that vibrate as air from the lungs passes through. The vibrations produce sound, which is the first step in creating speech.
  3. The Pharynx: The pharynx is a muscular tube situated at the back of the throat, connecting the oral and nasal cavities with the larynx. It acts as a resonating chamber, enhancing the quality and tone of the sounds produced in the larynx.
  4. The Oral Cavity: The oral cavity, consisting of the lips, teeth, alveolar ridge, hard and soft palates, and the tongue, is where the magic of articulation happens. These structures play a crucial role in shaping the airflow into different sounds and words.
  • Lips and Teeth: The lips and teeth play a vital role in articulating labial sounds like ‘p’ and ‘b.’
  • Alveolar Ridge: The alveolar ridge, a bony ridge just behind the upper front teeth, is crucial for sounds like ‘t’ and ‘d.’
  • Palates: The hard palate, a bony structure in the roof of the mouth, and the soft palate or velum, are essential for producing sounds like ‘k,’ ‘g,’ and ‘ng.’
  • The Tongue: The tongue is arguably the most versatile organ of speech. It can move in various directions and touch different parts of the oral cavity, contributing to the production of a wide range of sounds. The tongue’s movements and placements are essential for sounds like ‘l,’ ‘r,’ ‘s,’ ‘z,’ ‘th,’ and many more.
  1. The Nasal Cavity: While the oral cavity is primarily responsible for articulating most sounds, the nasal cavity can come into play for nasalized sounds such as ‘m’ and ‘n.’

The Art Of Speech Production

The process of speech production begins when air from the lungs passes through the vocal cords, causing them to vibrate and produce sound. The resulting sound is then shaped by the articulators in the oral cavity. By altering the position and movement of the tongue, lips, teeth, and palate, we create different speech sounds that form words, sentences, and languages.

It’s important to note that not all languages utilize the same set of articulators or the same sounds. The diversity of human languages gives rise to the unique sounds and phonological structures we find around the world.

The Fascinating Diversity Of Speech Sounds

The organs of speech enable the vast array of sounds used in the world’s languages. Different languages utilize these articulators in distinct ways, resulting in a rich tapestry of sounds. For instance, the way the tongue moves and contacts the palate varies from one language to another, leading to the unique phonetic features of each language.


The organs of speech are an extraordinary ensemble of anatomical structures that make human language and communication possible. Understanding the intricate coordination of the lungs, larynx, pharynx, and the articulators in the oral and nasal cavities sheds light on the complexity of the human capacity for speech. This capacity for linguistic expression is a testament to the remarkable capabilities of the human body and the cultural diversity found in languages worldwide.


What Is Meant By Organs Of Speech?

: any of the organs (such as the larynx, tongue, or lips) playing a part in the production of articulate speech.

What Is Organs Of Speech And Their Functions?

The organs like lips, tongue, jaw, and teeth are used to give shape to the sound produced or the correct word or phoneme produced by the human. These organs are called articulatory organs or articulators. There are two types of articulators, namely, active articulators and passive articulators.

What Are The Organs Of Speech And Examples?

Organs of speech produce many sounds needed for a language.

  • Nasal cavity.
  • Lips.
  • Teeth.
  • Alveolar ridge.
  • Palatal (hard palate)
  • Velum (soft palate)
  • Uvula.
  • Apex (tip) of the tongue.

What Are The Organs Of Speech For Kids?

These include the mouth, nose, sinuses, head, neck, and chest. The lips, tongue, palate, and teeth are used with the vocal cords to produce various speech sounds. Together, they are called the vocal tract.

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